More than a cosmetic problem, the appearance of nails and feet can indicate health problems such as diabetes and cancer. Skin texture and swelling at that site, for example, can be warning signs. These changes often go unnoticed: it is therefore important to consult specialists to identify diseases.
Podiatrist and surgeon Brad Schaeffer points out that observing the feet can diagnose serious problems, such as diabetes. “We look at the skin, wrists and nerves to determine any underlying conditions. Diabetes is probably the most common diagnosis we can assess during a foot examination. ”
Signs of diabetes in the feet:
- Glossy and smooth skin
- Hair loss on legs and feet
- swollen feet
- Wounds that do not heal
- Loss of sensation in feet or legs
- feet do not sweat
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Diabetes is a disease whose main characteristic is an increase in blood sugar levels. Seriously and most often quietly, it can affect several organs in the body, such as the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and heart, if left untreated.Oscar Wong / Getty Images
Diabetes is caused by an increase in blood glucose, which is called hyperglycemia. This is due to a disorder in the secretion or action of the hormone insulin, which is produced in the pancreas.moodboard / Getty Images
The main function of insulin is to promote the entry of glucose into the cells, so that they use sugar for cellular activities. Lack of insulin or lack of its action causes the accumulation of glucose in the blood, which circulating in the body damages other organs in the body.Peter Dazeley / Getty Images
One of the main causes of the disease is poor diet. Poor diet based on processed and sugary foods, for example, can cause diabetes. In addition, lack of physical activity also contributesPeter Cade / Getty Images
Diabetes can be divided into three main types. Type 1, in which the pancreas stops producing insulin, is the rarest type and occurs from birth. Type 1 carriers require daily injections of insulin to keep blood glucose within the normal range.Mascot / Getty Images
Type 2 diabetes is considered to be the most common disease. It occurs when a patient develops insulin resistance or produces insufficient amounts of hormones. Treatment includes regular physical activity and diet control.Arthur Debate / Getty Images
Gestational diabetes affects pregnant women who generally have a family history of the disease. Insulin resistance occurs especially from the second trimester and can cause complications for the baby, such as malformations, prematurity, breathing problems, among others.Chris Beavon / Getty Images
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Apart from these, there are other ways of developing the disease, although rare. Some of them are: due to pancreatic disease, genetic defect, endocrine diseases or drug useGuido Mieth / Getty Images
It is also common to use the term prediabetes, which indicates a significant increase in blood sugar, but insufficient to diagnose the disease.GSO Images / Getty Images
The symptoms of diabetes can vary depending on the type. However, in general they are: intense thirst, excessive urination and itching in the body. Family history and obesity are risk factorsThanasis Zovoilis / Getty Images
Some other signs may also indicate the presence of disease, such as bony bumps on the feet and numbness in the area, blurred vision, frequent presence of mycoses and infections.Peter Dazeley / Getty Images
The diagnosis is made after routine tests, such as a fasting blood glucose test, which measures the amount of glucose in the blood. Reference values are: less than 99 mg / dL (normal), between 100 and 125 mg / dL (prediabetes), above 126 mg / dL (diabetes)Panyawat Boontanom / EyeEm / Getty Images
Regardless of the type of disease, the main treatment is glucose control. Maintaining a healthy diet and regular exercise help keep your weight healthy and your glycemic and cholesterol indices under control.Oscar Wong / Getty Images
When diabetes is not treated properly, blood sugar levels can remain high for a long time and cause serious problems for the patient. Some of the complications that occur are deafness, neuropathy, cardiovascular disease, retinoplasty, and even depression.Image source / Getty Images
Melanoma, the most deadly form of skin cancer, can also manifest on the feet. Usually, the first sign of the disease is a change in the size, shape, color or texture of the existing stain or the appearance of new moles with these characteristics.
Melanoma of the foot occurs on the sole or under the nail, but it can also occur anywhere on the foot or ankle. Under the nail, the cancer cells may look like bruises or a band that grows vertically.
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