In recent days, a new viral disease is on our portals and opens many questions. Doctor. Fabiano de Abreu Agrela, a doctor of neuroscience but also a biologist, helps clear up some doubts
Monkeypox or in Portuguese, monkeypox has appeared in recent days in several countries around the world, causing concern around the planet.. Doctor. Fabiano de Abreu Agrela, a doctor of neuroscience, spoke about the situation.
“Smallpox, a smallpox-like viral infection, was first recognized in captive primates in 1958 and first identified in humans in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.. Infections that occurred earlier were probably diagnosed as smallpox, due to similar clinical findings. This virus was identified only when smallpox was eradicated from this area and control of smallpox-like infections was introduced. Unlike smallpox, which is the sole host of humans, monkeypox is a zoonosis, although it can spread from person to person. ”
Since this human-to-human transmission is possible, it is important to know how it occurs. Abreu explains that “transmission probably occurs as a result of close skin-to-skin contact that occurs during sex.”, instead of being a truly sexually transmitted infection. This is similar to the sexually transmitted nature of some diarrheal causes that are normally transmitted by the fecal route among homosexual men. ” However, sexual intercourse is not the only mode of transmission. The scientist also warns that “monkeypox” is transmitted between people in close contact through body fluids.respiratory drops, injuries or even contaminated materials, such as bedding or bath linen or other personal items, ”he added.
How is the transfer?
Abreu also emphasizes that “we need to be aware that there is no evidence that it is a sexually transmitted virus, such as HIV.. It is more close contact during sexual or intimate activity, including prolonged skin-to-skin contact. can be a key factor during transmission. We see the same with other infections, such as scabies. The most probable way of spreading is close contact: touching the skin or bedding, or common accessories. There is no need to presume sexual transmission through genital or oral secretions. ”
As for mortality, the scientist describes that it depends on the variant in question. “There are two strains of this disease. Congo strain is more severe (up to 10% mortality) and is probably more transmitted in humans. The West African strain, the source of the latter cases, for which mortality is estimated at about 1%. ”
In conclusion, Abreu adds that “There is no effective treatment and most cases will recover on their own within a few weeks, but the smallpox vaccine appears to be effective against monkeypox.. ”.