Analyzes conducted by Fundao Ezequiel Dias (Funed) ruled out suspicions of a case of monkeypox, known as monkeypox, in Ouro Pretou, in the central region of Minas Gerais. The Secretary of State for Health (SES-MG) announced that the case was under investigation on Wednesday night (15).
Ouro Preto joins Belo Horizonte, Uberlandia and Ituiutabi with cases rejected after laboratory analysis. There are no confirmations in Minas for now.
None of the people surveyed in the state had a recent history of traveling abroad. The patient from Ouro Preta was in So Paulo before showing symptoms.
Following the appearance of skin eruptions covering most of the body, with blistering and fever, the man, who was a student, was treated at the Santa Casa da Misericrdia Hospital in Ouro Preto and later transferred to the Referencia Eduardo Menezes Hospital in Belo Horizonte on Tuesday. (14/6).
Oh State of Mines he spoke with Ouro Preto’s health secretary, Leandra Moreira, who ruled out monkeypox in the municipality.
“The official result of a sample sent to Funed due to a possible case of ‘monkeypox’ here in Ouro Preto came out late. It was negative. The patient is stable and on treatment at Eduardo Menezes Hospital. Case until discharge.”
Monkey goddesses (monkey goddesses)
According to the Bhutan Institute, monkeypox (monkeypox) is a “wild zoonosis” – that is, a virus that contaminates monkeys and can, incidentally, affect humans.
The infection usually occurs in the forest areas of Central and West Africa. A disease caused by the monkeypox virus, which belongs to the orthopox virus family.
There are two types of viruses: West African and Congo Basin (Central Africa).
Although smallpox in West Africa is sometimes severe for some individuals, the disease is usually self-limiting (no treatment required).
The death rate from the West African virus is 1% for the non-immunized, while for the Congo Basin virus it can reach 10%.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), children are also at higher risk, and smallpox in pregnancy can lead to complications, smallpox, or death in the baby.
The WHO is currently working with experts to adopt a new name for the monkey goddess, as the term “monkey goddess” is considered discriminatory and stigmatizing.
The initial symptoms of ‘monkeypox’ are:
- muscle pain
- back pain
- swollen nodes (lymph nodes)
Skin lesions are similar to chickenpox or syphilis. There is still the formation of crusts, which decline over time.
According to Bhutan, the source of the infection in the reported cases has not yet been confirmed by the WHO.
In general, smallpox can be transmitted through contact with droplets exhaled by an infected person (human or animal) or through skin lesions, in addition to materials such as clothing and bedding.
The incubation period is usually six to 13 days, but can last from five to 21 days. Therefore, infected persons must be isolated and supervised for three weeks.
Thinking about treatments, Butantan reports that smallpox vaccination has proven to be a protection against monkeypox.
Although the vaccine (MVA-BN) and specific treatment (tecovirimat) were approved in 2019 and 2022, countermeasures are not yet widely available.
Around the world, populations under the age of 40 or 50 no longer take the vaccine because campaigns have been suspended.
In the UK, smallpox immunization is offered to people at higher risk and comorbidity.