Want to avoid allergic crises in the cold?  Follow this step by step – 06/18/2022

Want to avoid allergic crises in the cold? Follow this step by step – 06/18/2022

Just talk in the winter about sneezing, coughing, itching and irritation in the eyes, nose and throat. Respiratory allergies are very common at this time of year, because the temperature changes the airways.

The WHO (World Health Organization) estimates that about 35% of the Brazilian population has some form of allergy. Among the diseases that most often occur in winter is allergic rhinitis.

In addition to causing discomfort, rhinitis is also linked to asthma, which affects 150 million people worldwide. So, in this case, preventing one means also helping to restrain the other. Not to mention atopic dermatitis, which is one of the most common skin allergies and can be caused by the same factors as rhinitis: pollen, mold, mites and animal hair.

Discomfort, stuffy nose, sneezing attacks and excessive runny nose are some of the symptoms that take away the peace of those who suffer from this problem at this time of year.

During the winter, people usually spend more time indoors or indoors to protect themselves from the cold. And in those environments, those who are allergic suffer from substances that aggravate the problem, so it is necessary to double the care.

Drinking large amounts of water and frequently cleaning your nose help remove impurities that cause inflammation.

Other recommended solutions are to remove and wash coats and blankets stored in the closet in advance, dispose of them with cleaning agents and keep the rooms ventilated.

If you suffer from this type of allergy, you need to take some precautions to prevent or alleviate the symptoms:

Keep rooms ventilated: Keep areas where you often stay well ventilated and, if possible, in the sun for a long time as this is a great way to prevent mold and mites.

Avoid accumulation of dust: avoid and / or remove items that accumulate dust, such as rugs, curtains, books, and stuffed animals, accumulate dust and mites, and attack rhinitis.

Keep the house clean: Clean the house well with a broom or wet cloth at least twice a week. If possible, vacuum the house, preferably with HEPA filter vacuum cleaners, some allergens are very small and eventually pass through normal filters.

The air conditioner also needs to be cleaned periodically, both the filter and the ducts as they accumulate dust and spread mites in the air.

Keep the environment moist: In addition to keeping the environment clean, an important tip during this period when the air is quite dry is to keep it moist. Use a spray or humidifier for this, as this can reduce the possibility of developing a decompensated allergy to the nose.

Avoid contact with animals: try to avoid contact with animals that do cause allergies, and bathe the animals at least once a week to reduce saliva and even mites present in the fur and skin.

Rinse your nose with saline: Rinsing the nose with saline to keep the nasal mucosa moist helps to remove substances that cause infection and is a measure that acts as a prevention.

Update vaccinations: It is important to keep up with vaccines against influenza and covid-19, because this period is suitable for transmitting the virus, so immunization is necessary to protect allergy sufferers.

How to treat respiratory diseases

Each type of respiratory allergy has a special treatment. For asthma, the acute attack is reduced by bronchodilators or low-dose inhaled corticosteroids, if they occur frequently.

In case of rhinitis, cleaning the nose with saline is recommended and oral antiallergic ingestion may be sufficient. In more severe and persistent situations, your doctor may prescribe a corticosteroid spray for nasal application.

There is also the possibility of subcutaneous or sublingual allergy vaccines for a longer period of two to three years.

* With information from reports published on 24.06.2021, 22.05.2021. and 21.05.2022.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.